Higher education and United States immigration: Legal and policy implications post-9/11

2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

This study addresses legal and policy issues that affect higher education in the United States (U.S.), in particular the policy and legal implications of immigration after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks (9/11). It begins with the premise that foreign students and scholars have played and must continue to play an active role in American academia. This premise stems from the notion of academic freedom, which is supported under the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights, guaranteeing Americans the right to engage in and discuss ideological differences. When these rights are in conflict with the homeland security of the U.S., interests on both sides must be balanced, thereby protecting individual freedoms yet maintaining U.S. security. After 9/11, U.S. immigration laws and policies underwent rapid and in some instances substantial changes that directly impacted demographics in academia; namely, the number of foreign students and scholars participating in American higher education declined. A number of these changes created extensive delays in the visa application process resulting in foreign students and scholars missing the start date of their academic programs, and other times deciding to go elsewhere. The study also includes a review of the legislation pertaining to both immigration and higher education, analyses of legal cases and the policies implemented both pre- and post-9/11, as well as analyses of relevant statistical data. The findings include recommendations. Among them, it is incumbent upon Congress to pass comprehensive immigration legislation as soon as possible to address deficiencies in the U.S. immigration system and reduce security risks. Furthermore, the government must make the visa application process as effective as possible to preclude admission of individuals to the U.S. that present a security risk. Yet, any new changes must also be efficient and not overburden foreign students or scholars in the process of obtaining a visa to participate in American higher education.

Indexing (details)

International law;
International relations;
Higher education
0398: Law
0616: International law
0616: International relations
0745: Higher education
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Education; Foreign students; Higher education; Immigration; Post-9/11; September 11, 2001
Higher education and United States immigration: Legal and policy implications post-9/11
Morinaka, Barry S.
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 68/03, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Uerling, Donald F.
The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
University location
United States -- Nebraska
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
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