Abstract/Details

Developmental /remedial sciences at community colleges in five states in the central part of the United States


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

Phipps (1998) emphasized interinstitutional collaboration among colleges to share and replicate best practices and ideas as a strategy to improve the effectiveness of developmental/remedial education, but Johnson (2001) noted a lack of communication between science educators and developmental educators.

The purposes of this mixed methods study were (a) to identify and examine the characteristics of developmental/remedial sciences as it existed in the 2006-2007 academic year in terms of organization, structure, instructional practices, and curriculum as offered at community colleges in five states in the central part of the United States; and (b) to develop a set of guidelines for community college faculty and administrators to use in making decisions about whether or not to offer developmental/remedial sciences and identify the general steps to follow in implementation.

The study was conducted in four phases which involved two surveys, subsequent interviews with leaders at three institutions selected for case study, and guideline development.

Developmental/remedial sciences were offered at few institutions. At those institutions where they were offered, however, nearly half offered courses and multiple support services, but did not define their offerings as a program. Some developmental education best practices were adopted (such as integrating study skills with science content in courses and using a variety of instructional strategies), but many, including goals and assessment, were omitted. Interviewees indicated the need for developmental/remedial sciences would continue in the future.

Guidelines to use in determining whether to offer developmental/remedial sciences included the following: (1) adopt an attitude of quality improvement; (2) look to faculty as a #1 resource; (3) assess what is currently offered in the sciences and ask if it works; (4) know what you are remediating; (5) start a conversation between the academic department and support services staff to create a truly integrated program; (6) consider placement and advising; (7) consider assessment; (8) consider training and experience of faculty; (9) plan for the appropriate physical space and staff; and (10)do your homework.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Educational evaluation;
Science education;
Higher education
Classification
0288: Educational evaluation
0714: Science education
0745: Higher education
Identifier / keyword
Education, Assessment, Community colleges, Developmental education, Remedial education
Title
Developmental /remedial sciences at community colleges in five states in the central part of the United States
Author
Paramore, Tricia L.
Number of pages
318
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0138
Source
DAI-A 68/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Seagren, Alan T.
University/institution
The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
University location
United States -- Nebraska
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3252828
ProQuest document ID
304842705
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304842705
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