Abstract/Details

The middle of a crossfire: Drug policies and injection drug users during the HIV/AIDS epidemic


2007 2007

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

Needle-exchange programs (NEPs) have been increasingly utilized in the fight against the spread of HIV/AIDS since the epidemic began in the early 1980s. Safe-injection facilities (SIF) have been established in six nations since the late 1980s as another means to combat HIV/AIDS while also seeking to counsel drug addicts so they can eventually break free from addiction. Both NEPs and SIFs are the products of health professionals and injecting-drug users (IDUs) mobilizing to lobby for policy change. The pattern of diffusion of government-supported or tolerated NEPs across nations was studied to analyze how structural and contextual characteristics of nations could have impeded the collective action that resulted in the establishment of NEPs in most nations and SIFs in six. I utilized a most different systems design and single-country analysis and analyzed data for the years between 1980 and 2006. Data on 18 nations are analyzed; sixteen nations currently have government-tolerated or supported NEPs while six nations have government-tolerated or supported safe-injection facilities. All nations that went as far as establishing SIFs also had previous experience with NEPs and other 'harm reduction' techniques, parliamentary systems of government, and no significant opposition to establishing facilities from the Catholic Church.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Public health;
Political science
Classification
0573: Public health
0615: Political science
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences
Title
The middle of a crossfire: Drug policies and injection drug users during the HIV/AIDS epidemic
Author
Mutz, Steven Collin
Number of pages
100
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0099
Source
MAI 45/05M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Francisco, Ronald
University/institution
University of Kansas
Department
Political Science
University location
United States -- Kansas
Degree
M.A.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1443677
ProQuest document ID
304843915
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304843915/abstract
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.