Abstract/Details

Investigations of complement resistance factors in <i>Leishmania chagasi</i>


2007 2007

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Abstract (summary)

Leishmania are protozoan parasites that are the causative agents of a group of diseases collectively termed leishmaniasis, which range in severity of clinical manifestation from ulcerative skin lesions developing at the location of the insect bite, known as cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) to disseminated, life threatening, visceral infection, known as visceral leishmaniasis (VL). These diverse clinical manifestations are determined by both the infecting species of Leishmania and the immune response of the host [1]. Leishmania parasites are transmitted to mammals, including humans, by the bite of phlebotomine sand flies and are capable of infecting nearly all vertebrates. They are unicellular, eukaryotic pathogens with a digenetic lifecycle, alternating between and replicating within an insect vector and a mammalian host. Leishmania exist within the sand fly vector as motile, extra-cellular promastigotes. In a mammalian host, Leishmania exist as nonmotile, spherical amastigotes that reside and proliferate within the phagolysosome of macrophages. When a sand fly ingests a blood meal from an infected host, the amastigotes are passed to the insect within ingested macrophages. As the macrophages lyse, the amastigotes are released into the midgut of the fly and quickly differentiate into the motile, flagellated form of the parasite called the procyclic promastigote. These promastigotes adhere to the midgut epithelium and are retained as the blood meal is digested and excreted. The procyclic promastigotes begin to divide and transform into additional promastigote forms, eventually leading to the generation of virulent, non-dividing metacyclics, capable of establishing infection in a successive host. The following work describes efforts to gain a more complete understanding of the process of metacyclogenesis, the process by which the infectious promastigotes are generated within the sand fly vector. Studies of infectious and culture modified parasites are used to identify and characterize factors involving one particular aspect of metacyclogenesis, resistance to lysis by complement factors in human serum.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Genetics;
Parasitology
Classification
0369: Genetics
0718: Parasitology
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences; Complement resistance factors; Complementation; Leishmania chagasi
Title
Investigations of complement resistance factors in <i>Leishmania chagasi</i>
Author
Dahlin-Laborde, Rebecca Renee
Number of pages
92
Publication year
2007
Degree date
2007
School code
0097
Source
DAI-B 69/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549923893
Advisor
Beetham, Jeffrey K.
University/institution
Iowa State University
Department
Entomology
University location
United States -- Iowa
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3337375
ProQuest document ID
304855419
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304855419
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