Appropriation of history in some francophone African and Caribbean novels
In L'Appropriation de l'Histoire dans quelques romans africains et caribéens (Appropriation of History in Some Francophone African and Caribbean Novels), the major focus of the work is a critical examination of how major historical events in Africa like slavery and colonization were shaped before culminating into a historical reality. These events evolved from ideology to reality, from a Western myth of Africa to the enslavement and colonization of Africa. Colonial discourses and literature were used to justify colonization and the enslavement of Blacks. The Second World War permitted more Black understanding of the West. The lessons of the war have been the African desire for total liberation from servitude and from Western hegemony.
The African and Caribbean elites then became very active in the role of demystifying the European vision of Africa and Blacks through literary expression. The deconstruction of the Western world view of Africa and Blacks in general is the main concern of L'Appropriation de l'Histoire dans quelques romans africans et caribéens (Appropriation of History in Some Francophone African and Caribbean Novels). History is revisited and rewritten for a better understanding of the past and the present, with the hope of preparing a better future.
This work can also be read as the history of African and Caribbean literary productions, from the early twentieth century to the present day. Critical analyses of thematic perspectives that marked every period in African and Caribbean literary productions are carefully examined. Novels that treat the theme of slavery provide us with interesting information on how slavery functioned as an enterprise, the status of the slave in human society, for example, legalized by "Le Code Noir." Texts on the theme of colonization equally inform on colonial practices and how the colonial enterprise functions. Writings on the independence era clearly manifest the disillusion that came with the independence of most African nations. The post-colonial era is marked by discourses that are more hybrid in nature.
Representation of history in the novel and African historiography as opposed to Western historiography is also a major concern in this work.
0316: African literature
0360: Caribbean literature