Abstract/Details

Competitive swimmers' interpretation of motivational climate and achievement goals


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

The purpose of this study was to investigate swimmers' perceptions of motivational climate, achievement goals, satisfaction and enjoyment, persistence, practice avoidance, and achievement within the domain of competitive youth swimming. Implications of these finding for coaches and swimmers are discussed. Participants completed the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2, the Achievement Goal Questionnaire-2, and the Participation in Swimming Questionnaire. A subset of the participants completed these questionnaires at two points in time.

Swimmers' perceptions of motivational climate were more mastery-oriented than performance-oriented. The perception of a mastery-oriented climate was significantly positively related to satisfaction and persistence in swimming, and negatively related to practice avoidance. Perceptions of a performance-oriented motivational climate were significantly negatively related to satisfaction and enjoyment in swimming and positively related to practice avoidance.

Swimmers' perception of a mastery-oriented motivational climate was a positive predictor of mastery approach goals, satisfaction and enjoyment, persistence, and a negative predictor of mastery avoidance goals and practice avoidance. Swimmers' perceptions of a performance-oriented motivational climate was a positive predictor of performance approach goals and practice avoidance and a negative predictor of satisfaction and enjoyment in swimming.

Mastery approach goals significantly positively predicted satisfaction and enjoyment and persistence, and negatively predicted practice avoidance. Mastery avoidance goals negatively predicted satisfaction and enjoyment. Performance approach goals significantly positively predicted persistence.

The 2 × 2 Achievement Goal Framework was applied to the sport setting and two clusters of achievement goal profiles emerged. In Cluster 1 swimmers had moderate mean scores on mastery avoidance and performance approach goals and low mean scores on performance avoidance goals. Cluster 2 consisted of swimmers with high mean scores on mastery avoidance, performance approach, and performance avoidance goals.

Perceptions of motivational climate and achievement goals were assessed once at the beginning of the season and once prior to the end of the competitive swim season. There were no significant differences found in perceptions of motivational climate or achievement goals over time.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Sports Management;
Educational psychology;
Studies
Classification
0430: Sports Management
0525: Educational psychology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Education; Achievement goals; Competitive swimming; Mastery approach goals; Mastery avoidance goals; Motivational climate; Multiple goals; Swimmers
Title
Competitive swimmers' interpretation of motivational climate and achievement goals
Author
Trenz, Rebecca Christie
Number of pages
92
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0072
Source
DAI-A 70/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109353976
Advisor
Zusho, Akane
University/institution
Fordham University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3373834
ProQuest document ID
304879682
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304879682
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