Abstract/Details

Achievement goals, engagement and achievement of African American and White middle school students


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

The present study investigated the relationships among mastery, performance approach and performance avoidance achievement goals, school engagement and academic achievement for African American and White middle school students.

One hundred and ninety-two male and female African American ( n = 96) and White (n = 96) seventh grade students from two suburban, public middle schools were administered two self report questionnaires. Student grades were also collected. Results of MANOVA indicated significant differences in engagement and achievement of White and African American students. Race, gender, Performance Avoidance goals, and Ongoing Engagement significantly predicted English grades. Results suggest that mastery goals appear to be positively related to achievement, particularly for African American males. Results also suggest that educators should promote a mastery approach to learning and minimize practices which may reinforce fear of failure (performance avoidance), as this style may be most strongly related to lower achievement levels.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Black studies;
Behavioral psychology;
Educational psychology
Classification
0325: Black studies
0384: Behavioral psychology
0525: Educational psychology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Education; Psychology; Achievement; Achievement gap; Achievement goals; African-American; Engagement; Middle school; White students
Title
Achievement goals, engagement and achievement of African American and White middle school students
Author
Billotti, Shari
Number of pages
118
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0072
Source
DAI-B 70/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109203646
Advisor
Brobst, Karen E.
University/institution
Fordham University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3361348
ProQuest document ID
304882206
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304882206
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