Abstract/Details

Stressful life events and interpersonal, religious, and spiritual changes


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

Survivors of stressful life events and traumatic experiences often report positive psychological changes "...as a result of the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances" (Tedeschi & Calhoun, 2004, p. 1). Three often reported areas of growth include having a greater appreciation for life in general, new priorities, and an increased significance placed on interpersonal, spiritual or religious issues. Despite reports of positive changes, the literature on stress-related growth (SRG) is inconclusive as to whether SRG is an illusion or represents actual change. For example, no studies to date appear to use longitudinal data, objective indictors, or behavioral measures of change. Thus, the goal of the present study is to use longitudinal data to examine if individuals who report experiencing stressful events place a greater emphasis on interpersonal, religious and spiritual concerns. 556 students at Indiana State University responded to questionnaires at three different time periods (i.e. before entering college, and again in the spring of their freshman and sophomore years). Questionnaires related to stressful events, religious, spiritual, and interpersonal behaviors were selected and include Commitment Components Items (i.e. Altruistic Life Goals and Personal Growth Life Goals), the Organizational Religiousness Short Form, Brief Daily Spiritual Experiences Scale, FACIT-Sp Meaning & Peace Subscale, Life Attitude Profile Will to Meaning subscale, and Positive and Negative religious coping (RCOPE). Hierarchical regression analyses were performed to determine if they predict changes on the dependent variables. Results show that individuals who reported experiencing a variety of stressful life events showed few positive changes on a variety of interpersonal, religious, and spiritual measures. Results also suggested that females and African Americans reported more positive change when compared to males and Caucasians. Potential reasons for the lack of stress leading to growth are discussed as well as limitations of the study and future directions.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Developmental psychology;
Clinical psychology
Classification
0620: Developmental psychology
0622: Clinical psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Change; Growth; Personal growth; Religion; Spirituality; Stress; Trauma
Title
Stressful life events and interpersonal, religious, and spiritual changes
Author
Murdock, Paul
Number of pages
93
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0094
Source
DAI-B 71/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109591019
Advisor
Bolinskey, Kevin
Committee member
Bennett, Patrick; Johnson, Tom
University/institution
Indiana State University
Department
Psychology
University location
United States -- Indiana
Degree
Psy.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3390402
ProQuest document ID
304900326
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304900326
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