Factors influencing faculty decisions to incorporate blended and totally online instruction at a private urban university
Colleges and universities are increasingly offering courses that utilize Web-based instruction as the sole method of delivery or in a blended format with traditional face-to-face instruction. Although the popularity of Web-based instruction continues to grow, some instructional faculty members have been resistant to incorporate it into their teaching. This study examined the factors influencing faculty decisions to incorporate Web-based instruction at a large private urban university. The sample included faculty who have taught a course exclusively online, those who have used a blended or hybrid method of delivery, and those who have only used a traditional face-to-face method of instruction.
The study used a mixed design, obtaining data from a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods. The findings were guided by the five research questions that investigated the factors and concerns that influence university faculty decisions to use Web-based instruction as the primary means of delivery of instruction or in combination with face-to-face instruction in a hybrid or blended method of delivery. Specific findings included barriers and incentives to using Web-based instruction at the university level. The findings also included the relationship between faculty members' demographics and the extent of use of Web-based instruction, the relationship between the amount of training received by faculty members and the extent of their use of Web-based instruction, and the relationship between faculty members' instructional practices and the extent of their use of Web-based instruction.
The quantitative findings were based on a 70-item questionnaire modeled after a survey instrument originally developed by Ndahi (1998) and modified by Martin (2003). The questionnaire examined both the factors that inhibit and the factors that promote the use of Web-based instruction by university faculty as all or part of their course instruction. The qualitative findings were based on a semi-structured interview method that was used to clarify and expand upon issues that emerged from the survey instrument in order to enhance the quantitative findings.
0710: Educational software