Abstract/Details

Victim consciousness and its effects on intergroup relations – A double -edged sword?


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

The current research examines how members of groups that have been victimized by ethnopolitical violence cognitively construe their group’s experiences, and how these construals – referred to as victim consciousness (VC) – affect intergroup relations. It is proposed and shown in three empirical studies that VC can vary in its focus. On the one hand, some group members may construe their group’s experiences narrowly, and perceive their group’s victimization as unique (exclusive VC). On the other hand, ingroup victimization may be construed broadly such that outgroups who have been victims of group-based violence are perceived to be similar to the ingroup, and thereby included in a common victimized ingroup (inclusive VC). I propose that these contrasting representations mediate the effect of ingroup victimization on distinct outgroup orientations; specifically, exclusive VC should predict revenge or competitive victimhood, whereas inclusive VC should predict increased prosocial behavior toward victimized outgroups. Three studies (correlational and quasi-experimental) test the underlying processes and moderators of the two proposed forms of VC across different contexts.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Social psychology;
Ethnic studies
Classification
0451: Social psychology
0631: Ethnic studies
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences, Psychology, Ethnopolitical violence, Intergroup relations, Prosocial behavior, Superordinate categorization, Victim consciousness, Victimhood
Title
Victim consciousness and its effects on intergroup relations – A double -edged sword?
Author
Vollhardt, Johanna Ray
Number of pages
242
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 70/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109352245
Advisor
Tropp, Linda R.
Committee member
Arnold, David; Janoff-Bulman, Ronnie; Wing, Leah
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Department
Psychology
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3372282
ProQuest document ID
304920445
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304920445
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