Abstract/Details

Country of origin labeling: A theoretical and empirical analysis of market effects in the U.S. seafood industry


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

Mandatory Country of Origin Labeling (MCOOL) was implemented on seafood in the United States on April 4, 2005. MCOOL exempts the foodservice sector and excludes processed seafood from labeling. This dissertation contributes to understanding the economics of the MCOOL law for seafood by showing that current partial implementation may have unintended consequences both on the domestic supply chain and on trade. In other words, while labeling satisfies the market demand for information provision in one market, exemptions in the other market may create incentives for the diversion of imports, which are assumed to be lower in quality than domestic seafood, to the non-labeled sector. Analyzing alternate scenarios such as voluntary labeling shows that total welfare may be greatest under this scenario compared with partial MCOOL. Voluntary origin labeling of seafood by some U.S. retailers indicate there is no compelling market failure argument warranting MCOOL implementation. Trade between major shrimp exporters and the United States can be affected with partial MCOOL. It may lead exporters with questionable quality to change their product mix, i.e., export more processed shrimp relative to unprocessed shrimp. This work is therefore a step towards analyzing the effect of partial MCOOL policy in the seafood industry taking into consideration the nature of the industry.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Agricultural economics;
Economics;
Aquatic sciences
Classification
0503: Agricultural economics
0505: Economics
0792: Aquatic sciences
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Biological sciences; Country of origin labeling; Information asymmetry; Product quality; Seafood; Seafood industry; Shrimp; Trade
Title
Country of origin labeling: A theoretical and empirical analysis of market effects in the U.S. seafood industry
Author
Joseph, Siny
Number of pages
133
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0118
Source
DAI-A 70/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109500455
Advisor
Lavoie, Nathalie; Caswell, Julie A.
Committee member
Andrews, Sven; Ishii, Jun
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Department
Resource Economics
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3379974
ProQuest document ID
304921129
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304921129
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