Abstract/Details

Cylindrically confined diblock copolymers


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

The autonomous organization of components into patterns or structures without human intervention is known as self-assembly. This process is common throughout nature and technology and may involve many different kinds of interactions. This thesis treats the self assembly of block copolymers (BCPs) confined within cylindrical nanopores and generation of novel structures resulting from the constraints of size and forced curvature. Lamella-, cylinder-, and sphere-forming BCPs were drawn into the pores of anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes in the melt phase by capillary forces. After thermal annealing, BCP nanorods were isolated by dissolution of the AAO with a weak acid and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to investigate the resultant morphologies of the confined BCPs. The diameter and surface chemistry of AAO nanopores and molecular weight of BCP were varied to investigate the effect of confinement on the microphase separation of BCP. Concentric cylinders were observed for the lamella-forming BCPs under 2D confinement and deviations of the lamella repeat period were measured as a function of AAO pore diameter.

For the bulk cylinder-forming BCP, a rich variety of morphologies, not seen in bulk, were observed that included stacked discs, toruses, single, double and triple helices and helices with a cylinder in the core. The specific morphology observed depended on D/Lo, where D is the pore diameter and Lo is the period of the BCP in the bulk. Electron tomography was performed on the cylinder-forming BCP to obtain 3D image of the confined morphology.

For bulk sphere-forming BCP, novel structures, such as core-shell cylinders and spiraling rows of single, double and triple paired spherical microdomains were observed. The bulk cylinder-, and sphere-forming BCP were also placed in silane modified AAO and a rich variety of novel structures were observed. Inside silane modified AAOs, the preference of the blocks towards the pore wall was also altered. The results of cylinder-forming BCP were consistent with the results from the simulations. This method offers and exciting opportunity to manipulate the phase separation of BCPs and discover the novel periodic structures that are significantly different from those observed in bulk.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Polymer chemistry
Classification
0495: Polymer chemistry
Identifier / keyword
Pure sciences, Diblock copolymers
Title
Cylindrically confined diblock copolymers
Author
Dobriyal, Priyanka
Number of pages
125
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 70/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109228298
Advisor
Russell, Thomas P.
Committee member
Barnes, Michael D.; McCarthy, Thomas J.; Thayumanavan, Sankaran
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Department
Chemistry
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3359893
ProQuest document ID
304924165
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304924165
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