Abstract/Details

Self -efficacy, memory, and identity processes in older adults


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

Memory is a salient area of functioning in adulthood known to be influenced by beliefs about performance. Past socio-cognitive research has shown considerable support for the effect of positive feedback and/or self-efficacy on memory performance. The present study used hierarchical linear regressions and path analysis to examine whether self-efficacy would mediate the relationship between identity processes (i.e., individual differences in self-concept) and memory performance. The present study also investigated whether the proposed mediated relationship between identity processes, self-efficacy, and memory performance was moderated by feedback condition. 98 community-dwelling adults (M=70.05, 60-90) were randomly assigned to the three feedback conditions: Positive Feedback (N=33), No Feedback (N=32), Neutral Feedback (N=33). Contrary to expectation, identity processes were not related to memory performance. Path analyses results showed that positive feedback strengthened the relationship between self-efficacy and memory performance when compared to the neutral and no feedback group. The findings support the utility of using positive feedback as a means to enhance the positive effect of self-efficacy on memory performance with older adults.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Social psychology;
Clinical psychology;
Cognitive psychology
Classification
0451: Social psychology
0622: Clinical psychology
0633: Cognitive psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology, Aging, Feedback, Identity, Identity processes, Memory, Older adults, Self-efficacy
Title
Self -efficacy, memory, and identity processes in older adults
Author
Jones, Kelly M.
Number of pages
90
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 70/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109500431
Advisor
Whitbourne, Susan K.
Committee member
Rahhal, Tamara A.; Ready, Rebecca E.; Schulkind, Matthew D.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Department
Psychology
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3379972
ProQuest document ID
304928201
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304928201
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