Abstract/Details

HSPF modeling of the Blackstone River watershed: A tool for the evaluation of nutrient based watershed management strategies


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

Point source controls have been the primary methodology utilized to reduce pollutant loads into the waterways of the United States for the last 30 years. However, the complex dynamics that occur in the water column, in conjunction with increased amounts of urbanization in our watersheds, have made point source controls alone inadequate for solving our nation’s water quality problems. In order to determine the impacts that various water quality management strategies will have on water quality, dynamic models capable of simulating the complex interactions in both the water column and the watershed are necessary.

The Blackstone River Water Quality Study was implemented to determine the impact of ongoing and proposed upgrades at wastewater treatment plants on water quality along the Blackstone River and the magnitude of corresponding reductions in pollutant loads into Narragansett Bay. The impacts of changes in land use in the surrounding watershed on water quality in the Blackstone were also analyzed as part of the study.

The study utilizes an HSPF hydrologic model developed for the Blackstone River by the USGS. UMass and CDM then added water quality simulation capabilities to the model as well as discretizing the mainstem and extending its simulation period. The model continuously simulates water quantity and quality across 100+ reaches used to model the Blackstone River watershed for the period from 1996-2007. As part of the study, the construction, calibration and error bound of the model are detailed as well.

Based on the results of model simulations, it is shown that improvements in instream water quality as well as decreases in the downstream pollutant transport are achieved through ongoing and proposed point source control strategies. However, it has also been shown that non-point source controls can also achieve the same instream improvement and pollutant reduction as the proposed point source controls in the watershed. Despite the significant improvements in water quality observed during the model simulations, none of the pollution reduction strategies, including the removal of all point source loads from the system allow the Blackstone River to achieve ambient water quality standards as recommended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Civil engineering;
Water Resource Management;
Environmental engineering
Classification
0543: Civil engineering
0595: Water Resource Management
0775: Environmental engineering
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Earth sciences; Blackstone River; Hydrologic Simulation Program-FORTRAN; Narragansett Bay; Nutrient management; Watershed management
Title
HSPF modeling of the Blackstone River watershed: A tool for the evaluation of nutrient based watershed management strategies
Author
Mangarillo, James T., Jr.
Number of pages
780
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 70/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109500592
Advisor
Rees, Paula L. S.
Committee member
Reckhow, David A.; Staudenmayer, John
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Department
Civil Engineering
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3379986
ProQuest document ID
304928516
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304928516
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