Transpersonal and cross -cultural adaptability factors in White European American men: A descriptive and correlational analysis
This study explored correlations between transpersonal and cross-cultural adaptability factors as expressed in White European American men ( N = 141). In the quantitative portion of the study, participants filled out Howden's Spirituality Assessment Scale (SAS), Knoblauch and Falconer's Ego-Grasping Orientation (EGO), and Kelley and Meyers' Cross-Cultural Adaptability Inventory (CCAI). Correlational statistics and multiple regression analysis revealed significant relationships among the psychometric scores, particularly between spirituality and cross-cultural adaptability (r = .66, p ≤ .001; adjusted R2 = .44, F = 109.13, p ≤ .001). Two subscale pairings accounted for most of this relationship: Innerness or Inner Resources (SAS-IN) and Emotional Resilience (CCAI-ER; r = .60, p ≤ .041), and Unifying Interconnectedness (SAS-UI) and Flexibility/Openness (CCAI-FO; r = .57, p ≤ .001). Demographic variables also correlated significantly with transpersonal and cross-cultural factors. For example, participant age correlated significantly with SAS-UI (r = .22, p = .008), CCAI-FO (r = .23, p = .006), and EGO ( r = -.20, p = .020). In the qualitative portion of the study, 90% of the participants (n = 127) wrote short, free-form essays in response to a question regarding the factors that most helped or hindered their abilities to relate to people who were different from them. Thematic content analysis identified 5 categories of response items, each of which further subdivided into helper and hinderer themes. Participants who scored higher on the CCAI generally listed more helper items and fewer hinderer items. Five helper themes (acceptance, openness, positive self-regard, connectedness, and empathy) frequently emerged in participant responses and bore strong conceptual overlap with the operationalized definitions of both transpersonal and cross-cultural adaptability constructs. Research results suggest implications for enhancing cross-cultural adaptability of mainstream, American institutions through the application of transpersonal theory. Findings also suggest rich opportunities for future research.
Minority & ethnic groups;
0631: Minority & ethnic groups
0323: American studies