Abstract/Details

The development of a facility and diagnostics for studying shock-induced behavior in micron-sized aerosols


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

Aerosols, by definition, are composed of small particles that occupy minute fractions of the total volume in which they reside. Despite this, the effects they have on the system behavior can be far-reaching because of the momentum, heat, and mass transfer between the condensed and gas phases. Shock-wave interactions with two-phase mixtures have been studied for over fifty years. This has resulted in a significant body of theoretical and experimental work. Our literature review revealed that there has been no work focused on creating spatially-uniform aerosols that have been well-characterized with regard to the particle size distribution. We made filling this gap our primary objective.

To this end, we developed a suite of tools for studying aerosols behind shock waves. The first of these is a specially-designed aerosol shock tube. The tube has a square cross-section and incorporates large flush-mounted windows that provide viewing access from three sides of the tube. Second, we developed a wavelength-multiplexed Mie extinction particle sizing diagnostic. Five wavelengths ranging between 0.754 and 2.05 μm were used determine the particle size distribution before the shock arrival and to measure the effects on the aerosol after it passed by. Third, we developed a one-dimensional computational model of shock wave interactions with aerosols. This model incorporates non-continuum heat and mass transfer mechanisms since the Knudsen numbers of the micron-sized particles are significant.

After characterizing the facility and finding conditions where the aerosol non-uniformity is less than 6% RMS, we captured lightsheet images of shock waves propagating through aerosols and measured the behavior of water aerosols behind shock waves with temperatures between 450-600 K and pressures between 0.65-1.1 atm. We determined evaporation rates with this data and found a correlation that provides the non-continuum evaporation rate in terms of the d 2 (continuum) evaporation rate and a correction function. These experiments demonstrate only one potential application of the facility; chemical kinetics of low vapor pressure fuels, fundamental physics of large Knudsen number flows, and materials science problems, among others, are well-suited for future study.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Mechanical engineering
Classification
0548: Mechanical engineering
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Aerosols; Laser diagnostics; Micron-sized; Shock-induced
Title
The development of a facility and diagnostics for studying shock-induced behavior in micron-sized aerosols
Author
Hanson, Thomas C.
Number of pages
203
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0212
Source
DAI-B 66/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
0542431378, 9780542431371
Advisor
Hanson, Ronald K.
University/institution
Stanford University
University location
United States -- California
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3197440
ProQuest document ID
304980191
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304980191
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