Abstract/Details

Essays on college enrollment: Integrating approaches from economics, sociology, and health sciences


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

In this dissertation, I use an interdisciplinary approach and several empirical and conceptual frameworks to examine the importance of social influences and mental illness during high school on the decisions of individuals to attend college. Following an introductory chapter, the second and third chapters contribute both empirical and theoretical frameworks to the study of how an adolescent's social environment influences his or her college enrollment decision. The second chapter uses a social interactions framework to examine the importance of peer college decisions on individual college enrollment outcomes. I address several of the empirical difficulties in examining social influences in economic decisions and find robust evidence of social interactions. Following the evidence of the importance of social influences on college enrollment decisions in chapter two, the third chapter represents a first attempt in the literature to empirically access a new model of education decisions---the "identity" model. This model assumes that adolescents make decisions based on social considerations such as popularity and "fitting in" with peers in making their education decisions. The results from estimating the model suggest that policies that change the culture of high schools could represent an effective direction for education policies that seek to reduce racial gaps in college enrollment. The fourth chapter moves beyond social influences in college decisions to examine the importance of mental illness, specifically depression, in explaining education attainment of adolescents. I find that although depressed males and minority students are less likely to seek treatment or diagnosis for depression, the effects of this mental illness on educational outcomes is confined to females and is important in magnitude. The results in the fourth chapter suggest that school-based programs to diagnose depression may be helpful and that further research exploring the reasons for the effects of depression on female educational outcomes are needed. A final chapter summarizes the results of the three substantive chapters and discusses some policy implications of the empirical results.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Economics;
Labor economics;
Mental health
Classification
0501: Economics
0510: Labor economics
0347: Mental health
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; College enrollment; Depression; Identity; Social interactions
Title
Essays on college enrollment: Integrating approaches from economics, sociology, and health sciences
Author
Fletcher, Jason M.
Number of pages
179
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0262
Source
DAI-A 67/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542887680
Advisor
Reschovsky, Andrew
University/institution
The University of Wisconsin - Madison
University location
United States -- Wisconsin
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3234788
ProQuest document ID
304981944
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304981944
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