Correlates of flow in post-collegiate women's club rugby players
The purposes of this study were to measure the dispositional and situational flow of female postcollegiate rugby players in the nine dimensions of flow; to determine the relationships between the players' dispositional and situational flow and their intrinsic motivation, the players' dispositional and situational flow and their psychological skills, and the players' intrinsic motivation and psychological skills; and to develop a multivariate framework to evaluate the relative importance of situational and dispositional flow with intrinsic motivation and psychological skills.
Participants consisted of 44 post-collegiate female rugby players from the Eastern Pennsylvania Rugby Union (EPRU). They completed the Flow State Scale-2 (FSS-2), the Nine Mental Skills of Successful Athletes Scale (9MSSA), the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), the Dispositional Flow Scale-2 (DFS-2), and demographic questions.
The data were analyzed using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate statistics. There was little variation among participants demographically. The participants did experience flow through the nine dimensions of flow, with some dimensions stronger than others. The participants were found to be intrinsically motivated to participate, and they used psychological skills for their sport.
Bivariate statistics consisted of Pearson r correlations, t-tests, and ANOVA's. Moderate relationships existed between the 9MSSA global and the FSS-2 global, and the 9MSSA global and the IM global. Low correlations existed between the IM global and the FSS-2 global, and the IM global and the DFS-2 global.
Multivariate linear regressions were used to analyze the data. Three models were run for the FSS-2 and DFS-2, the significant 9MSSA subscales, and the significant IM subscales. Full reduced regressions for the FSS-2 indicated that the DFS-2 challenge-skill balance variable was the most influential predictor, explaining 54.8% of the variation of situational flow. Full reduced regressions for the DFS-2 indicated that two variables, FSS-2 merging of action and awareness and 9MSSA attitude, were strong predictors of dispositional flow, explaining 58% of the variation. Further research is needed with a larger group of participants, as well as participants in other sports.
0453: Womens studies