Abstract/Details

Mechanisms of land -cover change in Uganda: Longer-term analyses of the role of institutional arrangements


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

Investigations in this portfolio of manuscripts broadly advance understanding of how institutional arrangements influence impacts of population growth and integration into non-local markets on forest and tree-cover change. This research integrates methods of the natural and social sciences including remote sensing, geographical information systems, vegetation plot analysis, key informant interviews, and archival research. In combination, these methods are applied for longer-term analyses of the role of institutional arrangements in land-cover change in West Mengo, Uganda.

Over the past fifty years, tree cover on settled areas (cultivated and grazed lands and home-gardens) in West Mengo has increased while forest cover (particularly outside of state reserves) is more diffuse. One finding is that the underlying, traditional sociopolitical structure in West Mengo does facilitate, on aggregate, customary arrangements in identifying diverse strategies to maintain the flow of forest products and benefits under growing population and market pressures (avoiding local tragedies). But, these customary arrangements may or may not be able to maintain ecosystem services (produced from large-scale forest patches) outside of the local sociopolitical unit under these conditions.

Boundaries of state forest reserves in West Mengo were found to have remained stable for over fifty years despite population and market pressures. Another finding is that formal state arrangements can, but don't always, stem deforestation under conditions of high population and market pressures. When design principles for robust, large-scale commons are adopted in the process of creating adaptive arrangements for governance of large extents of working forests that the arrangements and desired outcomes (e.g., stable forest cover and flow of subsistence products in the West Mengo case) may endure over the long term. And, when not adopted, you may find a relatively fast breakdown in the institutional arrangement resulting in unintended outcomes for some or all stakeholders (e.g., forest degradation and loss for foresters in the Kikuyu case).

Indexing (details)


Subject
Environmental science;
Remote sensing;
Public administration
Classification
0768: Environmental science
0799: Remote sensing
0617: Public administration
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Applied sciences; Deforestation; Institutional arrangements; Land cover; Uganda
Title
Mechanisms of land -cover change in Uganda: Longer-term analyses of the role of institutional arrangements
Author
Vogt, Nathan
Number of pages
214
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0093
Source
DAI-B 66/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542066641, 0542066645
Advisor
Randolph, J. C.
University/institution
Indiana University
University location
United States -- Indiana
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3167802
ProQuest document ID
304987444
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304987444
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