El vacío habitado: Poesía, nación y diferencias en Virgilio Piñera

2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

The main goal of this dissertation is to recontextualize Virgilio Piñera's poetry taking into account all the information we have today about both his life and works. In Cuba and throughout Latin America, Piñera (1912-1979) is mainly known as a playwright, novelist and short story writer. However he published several books of poetry and also a considerable number of essays. Piñera was a controversial figure from the beginning of his intellectual career due to his critical views on the historical and cultural reality of his time.

This thesis returns to Piñera's original texts and contrasts them with other poetic discourses of the 1940s and 50s. The period of the 1960s and 70s, when the revolutionary government officially censored his works, is also examined. The aim is to underline the subjective forces that move this author's poetry, which are in constant tension not only with the public sphere, but also with the poetics of other authors, especially those who belong to the generation of Orígenes (1944-1954).

The first two chapters explore Piñera's poetry criticism and the poetic voice he created. He started publishing criticism in the late 30s, and until 1943 reflections on the genre were his main artistic concerns. His poetic subject manifests itself as the representation of the ideas he expressed regarding other authors' works. The poetry and the criticism are complementary and express his perspectives on poetic creation. The debates on national culture between Piñera and Cintio Vitier (in the third chapter), and the representation of civil society in Piñera's poetry (in the fourth), are then analyzed. The third chapter rereads Vitier's articles on Piñera where he criticized the emptiness of Piñera's works; the study unveils Vitier's attempts to neutralize the corrosive aspects of Piñera's views on Cuban national and cultural history. The final chapter examines how Piñera's poetry evolves into a closed system of references that retreats from an aggressively ordered public sphere.

Indexing (details)

Latin American literature;
Caribbean literature;
0312: Latin American literature
0360: Caribbean literature
0298: Literature
Identifier / keyword
Language, literature and linguistics; Criticism; Cuba; National culture; Pinera, Virgilio; Poetry; Spanish text
El vacío habitado: Poesía, nación y diferencias en Virgilio Piñera
Jambrina, Jesus
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 67/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
9780542512513, 0542512513
Balderston, Daniel
The University of Iowa
University location
United States -- Iowa
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
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