A comparative study of the relationship between the dimensions of separation -individuation and adjustment in White and Asian Indian college undergraduates

2005 2005

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

The purpose of this exploratory research was to examine separation-individuation in Asian Indian college undergraduates in the United States, and whether separation-individuation relates differently to adjustment for Asian Indians compared to their White peers. The study involved 157 White and 98 Asian Indian undergraduates from various campuses. Participants completed a survey questionnaire, which consisted of measures of separation-individuation, depression, self-esteem, family cohesion and acculturation.

Separation-individuation (S-I) was operationalized using five different scales that were subjected to a principal factor analysis with oblique rotation. The factor analysis replicated a two-factor solution: Independence from Parents and Positive Feelings associated with Separation . The pattern of factor loadings were similar across Asian Indian and White participants, suggesting that dimensions underlying the separation-individuation scales were common to both populations.

Separate hierarchical multiple regression analyses were utilized to explore the relationship between (a) S-I factors and depression and (b) S-I dimensions and self-esteem for each of the White and Asian Indian samples. Results indicate that for both Asian Indian and White participants, the affective response to the separation process is more critical for adjustment compared to the normative process of independent functioning. Findings also suggest separation-individuation was less critical for adjustment in Asian Indian college students relative to their White peers.

A secondary goal was to explore the influence of family cohesion on the link between separation-individuation and adjustment, and whether this differed across the White and Asian Indian participants. Cohesion did not have a moderating effect on adjustment indices for either group. Cohesion was only significantly related to self-esteem for the White participants but was not a significant predictor of adjustment in Asian Indians.

A third objective was to examine in the Asian Indian sample, the influence of acculturation on the relationship between separation-individuation and adjustment. Acculturation was not a significant predictor of adjustment and was not found to have a moderating effect on the link between S-I and adjustment for Asian Indians.

Indexing (details)

Academic guidance counseling;
Developmental psychology;
Minority & ethnic groups;
Bilingual education;
Multicultural education
0519: Academic guidance counseling
0620: Developmental psychology
0631: Minority & ethnic groups
0631: Sociology
0282: Bilingual education
0282: Multicultural education
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Education; Psychology; Adjustment; Asian Indian; Separation-individuation; Undergraduates; White students
A comparative study of the relationship between the dimensions of separation -individuation and adjustment in White and Asian Indian college undergraduates
Sankar-Gomes, Anita
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 66/08, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
0542263629, 9780542263620
Jepsen, David A.
The University of Iowa
University location
United States -- Iowa
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.