A comparative study of the relationship between the dimensions of separation -individuation and adjustment in White and Asian Indian college undergraduates
The purpose of this exploratory research was to examine separation-individuation in Asian Indian college undergraduates in the United States, and whether separation-individuation relates differently to adjustment for Asian Indians compared to their White peers. The study involved 157 White and 98 Asian Indian undergraduates from various campuses. Participants completed a survey questionnaire, which consisted of measures of separation-individuation, depression, self-esteem, family cohesion and acculturation.
Separation-individuation (S-I) was operationalized using five different scales that were subjected to a principal factor analysis with oblique rotation. The factor analysis replicated a two-factor solution: Independence from Parents and Positive Feelings associated with Separation . The pattern of factor loadings were similar across Asian Indian and White participants, suggesting that dimensions underlying the separation-individuation scales were common to both populations.
Separate hierarchical multiple regression analyses were utilized to explore the relationship between (a) S-I factors and depression and (b) S-I dimensions and self-esteem for each of the White and Asian Indian samples. Results indicate that for both Asian Indian and White participants, the affective response to the separation process is more critical for adjustment compared to the normative process of independent functioning. Findings also suggest separation-individuation was less critical for adjustment in Asian Indian college students relative to their White peers.
A secondary goal was to explore the influence of family cohesion on the link between separation-individuation and adjustment, and whether this differed across the White and Asian Indian participants. Cohesion did not have a moderating effect on adjustment indices for either group. Cohesion was only significantly related to self-esteem for the White participants but was not a significant predictor of adjustment in Asian Indians.
A third objective was to examine in the Asian Indian sample, the influence of acculturation on the relationship between separation-individuation and adjustment. Acculturation was not a significant predictor of adjustment and was not found to have a moderating effect on the link between S-I and adjustment for Asian Indians.
Minority & ethnic groups;
0620: Developmental psychology
0631: Minority & ethnic groups
0282: Bilingual education
0282: Multicultural education