Abstract/Details

Identification and characterization of genes unique to systemic <i>Xanthomonas</i> pathogens


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

Suppression Subtractive Hybridization (SSH) was used to identify genes present in the systemic pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (XCC), and missing from the non systemic pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. armoraciae (XCA). Among the DNA fragments unique to XCC was Xcc2109, one of eight putative avr genes identified in the XCC528T genome (NC 003902). Individual and sequential deletion and/or insertion mutations of all eight putative XCC avr gene loci were made, but no change in pathogenicity was observed in any combination of avr mutations, including a strain with all eight avr genes deleted. However, insertion or deletion mutants at the Xcc2109 locus lost avirulence (i.e., became virulent) on Brassica juncea, a race-determining differential host. The Xcc2109 ORF as annotated was cloned and found to be nonfunctional. A longer gene, encompassing Xcc2109 and here designated avrXccFM, was defined and found to confer avirulence to Xcc2109 mutant strains and to two additional wild type strains, thereby changing their designation. Resistance in B. juncea to XCC528T strains carrying avrXccFM occurs without a typical HR, but with a vascular HR (VHR).

A similar but modified SSH was performed between the two systemic pathogens Xanthomonas phaseoli (XP) and Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli var. fuscans (XAP), and the non systemic Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. alfalfae (XAA). Among other gene fragments, a large number of transposable elements as well as gene fragments of unknown function were obtained. Five genes also present in other bacterial pathogens were mutagenized in XP. None of the mutant strains obtained exhibited any effect in virulence except for a pthA homolog, a gene earlier identified in XP and included in the functional study. Complementation assays were inconclusive although in detached leaves transient expression of the pthA gene homolog obtained from an XPF cosmid library, induced a phenotype similar to common bacterial blight of bean.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Plant pathology;
Molecular biology
Classification
0480: Plant pathology
0307: Molecular biology
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences; Avirulence; Black rot of crucifers; Pathogens; Xanthomonas campestris
Title
Identification and characterization of genes unique to systemic <i>Xanthomonas</i> pathogens
Author
Castaneda C., Luz Adriana
Number of pages
135
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0070
Source
DAI-B 66/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542349942, 0542349949
Advisor
Gabriel, Dean W.
University/institution
University of Florida
University location
United States -- Florida
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3192362
ProQuest document ID
304995238
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304995238
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