Abstract/Details

Evaluation of soil suction as an indicator of sample quality for a soft saturated marine clay


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

This thesis presents results and conclusions from a research program that developed a nondestructive indicator of sample disturbance in saturated soft clays using soil suction. A portable, field deployable, suction probe was designed and built for the research using primarily off-the-shelf parts and the procedures developed for its use in the field are relatively simple to perform.

The probe, once placed in contact with an unconfined soil sample, requires approximately 10 to 20 minutes to reach equilibrium with the suction in the sample. The measurements were found to be accurate and repeatable based on laboratory proof testing of the device and its subsequent use in the field during sampling operations.

A test site located in northeast Massachusetts was used to evaluate the suction probe. The site contains a 10 m layer of Boston Blue Clay with a thin, stiff upper crust followed by a medium to low overconsolidation ratio soft layer. A series of samples ranging from high quality to poor quality were collected including Sherbrooke block samples (high quality), 76 mm fixed piston tube samples with modified tube geometry, 76 mm free piston tube samples, and 76 mm split spoon samples (very poor quality).

Soil suction was measured on all samples in the field and subsequently over time in the laboratory. Sample quality was evaluated using the well established but destructive volumetric strain method (i.e., ϵvol or Δe/e 0 at σvo) from the consolidation phase of CRS, CAUC, and DSS tests. The suction values were found to generally mirror that of the volumetric strain measurements, with higher suction values correlating with lower volumetric strains, and hence better quality samples. Normalization of the suction values by σ vo provides better resolution of the data and is hence used for development of a suggested nondestructive sample quality criterion for clays using soil suction.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Civil engineering
Classification
0543: Civil engineering
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Clay; Marine; Sample quality; Soil suction
Title
Evaluation of soil suction as an indicator of sample quality for a soft saturated marine clay
Author
Poirier, Steven E.
Number of pages
524
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 66/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
0542198177, 9780542198175
Advisor
DeGroot, Don J.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3179917
ProQuest document ID
304997275
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304997275
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