Abstract/Details

How parents and children do homework together: The relation between observed parenting, behavior problems, and academic development in elementary school children


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

The present cross-sectional study adds to the extant literature by exploring how parenting and child behavior problems relate to elementary school children's academic achievement and engagement. Parenting was investigated as a possible mediator of the relationship between behavior problems and academic outcomes. A diverse sample of 62 children, their primary caregivers, and teachers participated in the study. Videotaped observation of parent-child dyads doing a homework task allowed the following behaviors to be studied: parental autonomy support, positive-minus-negative presence, quality of teaching, and child engagement. To assess behavior problems, parents and teachers completed behavior rating scales, and parents completed a structured interview. Children participated in language and literacy based achievement testing, and school personnel provided grades. Children who displayed higher levels of engagement performed better on measures of academic achievement. Positive parenting behaviors were associated with academic achievement and engagement. An exploratory analysis was consistent with child engagement partially mediating the relation between parenting behavior and reading achievement. Child behavior problems were related to lower engagement, but contrary to expectations, they were not related to parenting or achievement. Boys rated by teachers as displaying behavior problems, however, had lower academic achievement, but this was not the case for girls. Though parenting was not related to child behavior problems, findings did suggest that parenting and child behavior are associated with child engagement. This research points to the critical role of engagement as a component of academic success and the potential for parents to foster children's academic engagement and achievement through the parent-child relationship.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Psychotherapy;
Social psychology;
Educational psychology;
Elementary education;
Families & family life;
Personal relationships;
Sociology
Classification
0622: Psychotherapy
0451: Social psychology
0525: Educational psychology
0524: Elementary education
0628: Families & family life
0628: Personal relationships
0628: Sociology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences, Education, Psychology, Academic development, Behavior problems, Elementary school, Homework, Parenting
Title
How parents and children do homework together: The relation between observed parenting, behavior problems, and academic development in elementary school children
Author
Doctoroff, Greta L.
Number of pages
71
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 66/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542478154, 0542478153
Advisor
Arnold, David H.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3200177
ProQuest document ID
304997778
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304997778
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