Psychological distress in medical trainees: A review of the literature
This paper deals with the effects of psychological distress in medical trainees. Medical trainees, which include medical students, interns and residents, are highly susceptible to psychological distress. I reviewed theoretical and empirical research on psychological burnout, mood and anxiety disorders in medical trainees. First, I explored the available epidemiologic data on this subject, and on the nature of psychological and social distress and psychiatric disturbance in this cohort. Next, I reviewed research findings on the impact of these conditions on career satisfaction, practice performance, and patient care. Finally, I reviewed the data on strategies available to address these difficulties, focusing upon positive outcomes for both medical trainees and the patients they treat.
0525: Educational psychology
0622: Clinical psychology