Abstract/Details

Structure-property relationships for organic semiconductor materials: From holes to electrons to ambipolar behavior in high performance acenes


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

Organic transistors offer the potential for low-cost, large area, flexible electronic applications. However the structure-property relationships that govern thin film packing and hence mobility are not clear, even for small molecules. In this dissertation, I investigate these relationships by designing, synthesizing and characterizing a family of acenes. I have designed a new conjugated core, tetraceno[2,3-b]thiphene that is more stable and easily functionalized than pentacene, the workhorse of organic transistors, but retains its high mobility. By incorporating various functional groups on this core, I am able to show that by increasing the van der Waals forces between molecules, intermolecular interaction is increased, and hence thin film mobility. By adding other functional groups like halogen atoms, I am able to induce electron transport by lowering molecular orbital energy levels. Hole and electron mobilities from 0.l-0.6cm2/Vs are measured for a series of acenes. This is interesting, because ambipolar organic thin film transistors consisting of a single material having high and balanced hole and electron mobilities are rare, with pentacene being the sole exception. Lastly, a series of 20 acenes are examined with respect to their frontier orbital energy levels and carrier type. In accordance with theory, molecules with higher energies only transport holes, while molecules relatively low in energy (like perfluoropentacene) are solely electron transporting. Molecules with energy levels in between are ambipolar. This is the first time the transition between charge carrier type is directly correlated with the measured HOMO/LUMO levels in the field of organic transistors.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Physical chemistry;
Chemical engineering
Classification
0494: Physical chemistry
0542: Chemical engineering
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Pure sciences; Acenes; Ambipolar behavior; Organic semiconductors
Title
Structure-property relationships for organic semiconductor materials: From holes to electrons to ambipolar behavior in high performance acenes
Author
Tang, Ming Lee
Number of pages
200
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0212
Source
DAI-B 70/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780549992288
University/institution
Stanford University
University location
United States -- California
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3343893
ProQuest document ID
304999251
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/304999251
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