Abstract/Details

Implicit cognition and terror management theory: The utility of indirect measurement in understanding death-related defense mechanisms


2009 2009

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Abstract (summary)

The current paper was an attempt to study the defense mechanisms of terror management theory (TMT) via implicit cognition/indirect measures. In Study 1, an American and Foreign Single-Category Implicit Association Test (SC-IAT) and an American-Foreign Implicit Association Test (IAT) were used to assess implicit attitudes toward patriotism in an attempt to predict the worldview defense of patriotism in the TMT paradigm. It was hypothesized that these indirect measures would be predictive of the occurrence and strength of the worldview defense among participants primed with thoughts of mortality and not control participants. The cultural worldview defense commonly found in TMT did not arise, which precluded testing the efficacy of indirect measures as predictors. Explanations as to why the worldview defense did not arise and modifications to the design of the study are proffered. In Study 2, the automaticity of the self-esteem bolstering construct postulated by TMT was examined via an indirect measure of self-esteem (i.e., the self-esteem SC-IAT) and a measure of state self-esteem (i.e., the modified Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale). It was hypothesized that these measures of self-esteem would capture automatic self-esteem bolstering among participants primed with thoughts of mortality and not control participants. Both measures of self-esteem failed to capture the automaticity of the appearance of self-esteem bolstering following a mortality salience manipulation. Explanations for the lack of detection of self-esteem bolstering and suggestions for future research into the self-esteem bolstering construct within the TMT paradigm are discussed. Finally, factors central to the successful incorporation of indirect measures into the TMT paradigm are addressed.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Social psychology;
Experimental psychology;
Cognitive psychology
Classification
0451: Social psychology
0623: Experimental psychology
0633: Cognitive psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Death; Defense; IAT; Implicit; Implicit Association Test; Self-esteem; Terror management
Title
Implicit cognition and terror management theory: The utility of indirect measurement in understanding death-related defense mechanisms
Author
Poteau, Stephen R.
Number of pages
85
Publication year
2009
Degree date
2009
School code
0225
Source
DAI-B 70/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9781109339970
Advisor
Karpinski, Andrew
Committee member
Fauber, Robert; Hantula, Donald; Heimberg, Richard; Johnson, Kareem; Kendall, Philip
University/institution
Temple University
Department
Psychology
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3371996
ProQuest document ID
305004883
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305004883
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