Abstract/Details

Differential prediction of volunteer outcomes: Refining our knowledge of social service participation


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

The present research tests a model of volunteering that attempts to explain the process through which social experiences, personality, and motives affect volunteer outcomes. Previous research on volunteerism, while incorporating many different types of predictor variables, has lacked an explanation for their interrelationships. In addition, most of this research has concentrated on narrow measures of volunteering, namely those relating to satisfaction, frequency, longevity, and intent to continue volunteering. This research extends on the types of volunteer outcomes traditionally studied, specifically to measures of performance quality and organizational development participation. Certain social experiences, personality traits, and motives were predicted to relate to each of these outcomes, primarily based on an altruistic/egoistic division. Surveys were completed by 176 volunteers and 118 of their supervisors at several organizations with volunteer populations. Data were collected from volunteers on their personalities, social experiences, motives, and intent to continue volunteering. Participants' supervisors were asked to rate the volunteers' performance and organizational participation. Hypotheses were tested using structural equation modeling, and various significant relationships were found between volunteer characteristics and intent to continue volunteering, including several aspects of motives for volunteering (importance, fulfillment, and an interaction of the two). Altruistic social experiences based in a religious context were also strongly related to intentions. Only Extraversion and a lack of esteem enhancement motives predicted organizational participation, and performance was generally not well predicted. Practical implications, limitations, and future directions are discussed.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Occupational psychology;
Social psychology
Classification
0624: Occupational psychology
0451: Social psychology
Identifier / keyword
Psychology; Differential prediction; Motivation; Social service; Volunteer
Title
Differential prediction of volunteer outcomes: Refining our knowledge of social service participation
Author
Dickinson, James Maximilian
Number of pages
162
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0050
Source
DAI-B 66/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780496987405, 0496987402
Advisor
Horvath, Michael
University/institution
Clemson University
University location
United States -- South Carolina
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3164463
ProQuest document ID
305008843
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305008843
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