Abstract/Details

Cellular proliferation in the vertebrate brain: Comparative features in embryonic and adult turtle


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

Several long-standing conceptions regarding cellular proliferation in the mammalian brain have been revised in recent years. Two served as the impetus for this comparative study of proliferation in the brain of the embryonic and adult turtle, Trachemys scripta elegans. The first of these revisions is the acceptance of adult neurogenesis in mammals. A central dogma of neuroscience has been that the mammalian brain is incapable of generating neurons after early developmental periods. Recently however, it has been discovered that two restricted areas of the brain continue producing neurons in adults: the adult subventricular zone, and the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Thus, new hope has emerged that we will find ways to replace neurons lost during illnesses such as Parkinson's disease, stroke, and traumatic brain injury.

A second conceptual revision fully emerged when recent work from our laboratory and others demonstrated that mammalian radial glial cells generate neurons in the embryonic forebrain. Previously, neural precursors were thought to be in a class of their own, distinct from the glial lineage. The identification of radial glial cells as key neural progenitor cells contributed to the burgeoning theme that neural precursors share features with glial cells in both embryos and adults.

Unlike adult mammals, the turtle brain maintains a ubiquitous population of radial glia-like cells that persists throughout adult life. Additionally, adult neurogenesis has been reported in most areas of the turtle telencephalon, in contrast to the spatially restricted neurogenesis observed in mammals. Thus, we suspected that the persistence of radial glial cells in the adult turtle may contribute directly to more widespread adult neurogenesis. This dissertation first discusses the role of radial glial cells in mammalian brain development. Secondly, it focuses on comparative features of cellular proliferation in the brain of both embryonic and adult turtles.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Neurology;
Anatomy & physiology;
Animals
Classification
0317: Neurology
0433: Anatomy & physiology
0433: Animals
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences; Brain; Cell proliferation; Neurogenesis; Turtle
Title
Cellular proliferation in the vertebrate brain: Comparative features in embryonic and adult turtle
Author
Clinton, Brian K.
Number of pages
198
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0054
Source
DAI-B 66/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780496928484, 0496928481
Advisor
Kriegstein, Arnold R.
University/institution
Columbia University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3159728
ProQuest document ID
305013661
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305013661
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