Abstract/Details

The new biology: Lysenkoism in Poland


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

This dissertation is an examination of the impact of one of the most notorious events in the history of science during the Cold War: The Lysenko affair. Having suffered the worst consequences of the race science of eugenics during the Second World War, Poland was then subjected to a ban on genetics, one of the most productive avenues of research in the Twentieth Century, once the war was over. Members of the biology community were thus forced to choose between what they understood to be legitimate research, and a pseudo-scientific doctrine, determined rhetorically by the ideology of Marxism, and assumptions concerning the superiority of Soviet science. Some were ignorant, some were opportunists, some complied and others bided their time. The Lysenko era in Poland lasted from 1949 until 1956.

This study is based upon original archival research, interviews, memoirs, newspapers, popular periodicals and scientific journals. I have sought to portray not only how Lysenkoism was experienced by scientists and academics, but also as a feature of everyday life in Socialist Poland. Michurinism was not simply a scientific doctrine; it was a framework for understanding prescribed attitudes towards competition, cooperation, the relationship between the individual, society and the natural world, and the superiority of socialism. As such it was a fundamental feature of Poland's immediate post-war history.

Indexing (details)


Subject
European history;
Science history;
Education history
Classification
0335: European history
0585: Science history
0520: Education history
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Education; Biology; Cold War; Lysenko, Trofim Denisovich; Michurinism; Poland; Trofim Denisovich Lysenko
Title
The new biology: Lysenkoism in Poland
Author
deJong-Lambert, William
Number of pages
246
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0054
Source
DAI-A 66/05, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542130892, 0542130890
Advisor
Steiner-Khamsi, Gita
University/institution
Columbia University
University location
United States -- New York
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3174774
ProQuest document ID
305013970
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305013970
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