Abstract/Details

Developmental regulation of lipid -droplet transport in <i>Drosophila</i>


2005 2005

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Abstract (summary)

The timing and directionality of microtubule-based transport in cells are regulated in a highly dynamic and cargo-specific fashion. My thesis research aims to gain mechanistic insights into these regulation processes, by studying two genes regulating lipid-droplet transport in early Drosophila embryos. After briefly over-viewing the general question and the experimental system we study (Chapter I), I focus the first part of my thesis (chapter III and IV) on the gene klarsicht (klar), it encodes a component of the motor regulatory machinery. I found the klar gene encodes distinct isoforms undergoing complex gene regulations and the Klar protein regulates distinct microtubule-based transport processes. In chapter III, I discuss the mechanism of how this single gene regulates distinct transport process in different cells. After demonstrating that localization of Klar to its cargoes is crucial for Klar function, I identify functionally important regions of Klar that confer distinct cargo specificity. Since the variation in cargo targeting domains is likely a result of complex gene regulation, I characterize (in chapter IV) the complexity of Klar gene expression and show preliminary evidence relating different Klar isoforms to distinct transport processes. To study cargo-targeting domains of Klar, I developed a novel cell-culture system to study lipid-droplet associated proteins. Chapter V gives an overview of this system and two examples of its applications. In the last part of my thesis (Chapter VI), I summarize my contribution to the cloning and identification of a novel directionality signal, Halo. Halo appears to be the first member of a new class of transport regulators, and I found that the timing of switches in net droplet transport is correlated with changes in expression of the halo gene. These studies further our understandings of how microtubule-based cargo transport processes are regulated, and open up new areas of investigation. I discuss remaining challenges and unsolved questions in the final chapter.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Cellular biology;
Molecular biology
Classification
0379: Cellular biology
0307: Molecular biology
Identifier / keyword
Biological sciences; Klar; Lipid-droplet; Microtubules
Title
Developmental regulation of lipid -droplet transport in <i>Drosophila</i>
Author
Guo, Yi
Number of pages
233
Publication year
2005
Degree date
2005
School code
0021
Source
DAI-B 66/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542461019, 0542461013
Advisor
Welte, Michael A.
University/institution
Brandeis University
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3200715
ProQuest document ID
305028147
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305028147
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