Juvenile certification rates across Texas: An eight county study
The methods to punish a juvenile are limited due to the parens patriae doctrine that governs the juvenile justice system. As a result, juvenile certification has become a popular method in punishing certain juvenile offenders. This exploratory study looks at factors involved during the certification process in eight Texas counties over the four-year period between 1999 and 2002. After analyzing the data, African Americans and Hispanics made up a majority of ethnic groups certified. The majority of certification crimes were felony robbery, which include aggravated robbery.