The effectiveness of risk assessment instruments in eliminating racial disparity in juvenile detention facilities
Over the past 20 years, the juvenile justice system has seen a resurgence of the punitive approach to crime. Unfortunately, this has led to an increase in the disproportionate number of minority juveniles held in secure detention. In 1992, the Annie E. Casey Foundation launched an initiative known as the Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative. This project was implemented over a period 7 years and data were collected by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency. This study provides a secondary analysis of the data in order to examine the effectiveness of risk assessment instruments in controlling or eliminating Disproportionate Minority Confinement (DMC). Specifically, the sample (N = 9,744) was analyzed to look at differences in total risk assessment score, detention decision, and early release from detention by race, controlling for gender and intake year.