Three essays in labor and health economics: Individual decisions on occupation, labor supply, and demand for health
In this dissertation, I examine individual decisions in occupational choice, labor supply, and health care utilization. Occupational choice decisions of female college graduates on whether to teach or not are analyzed to understand the role of fertility and relative wages using a panel estimation method. I also compare the behavioral changes in the labor force participation among teachers and nonteachers conditional on the presence of a new-born baby.
Using the human capital model where a worker decides her hours of work responding to wages, and her human capital is accumulated proportional to her hours of work, I predict that the positive relationship between entry wages and post wages. Empirical evidence suggests that the shock in entry wages may be attributed to post wage differentials.
I examine individuals' choice of health insurance plan and utilization of health care services. Empirical evidence shows that there is favorable self-selection into health maintenance organizations (HMOs) plans and that HMO members use more of office based and hospital outpatient services. It suggests ineffectiveness of HMO plans in reducing utilization.
Health services utilization
0573: Public health