Abstract/Details

Three essays in labor and health economics: Individual decisions on occupation, labor supply, and demand for health


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

In this dissertation, I examine individual decisions in occupational choice, labor supply, and health care utilization. Occupational choice decisions of female college graduates on whether to teach or not are analyzed to understand the role of fertility and relative wages using a panel estimation method. I also compare the behavioral changes in the labor force participation among teachers and nonteachers conditional on the presence of a new-born baby.

Using the human capital model where a worker decides her hours of work responding to wages, and her human capital is accumulated proportional to her hours of work, I predict that the positive relationship between entry wages and post wages. Empirical evidence suggests that the shock in entry wages may be attributed to post wage differentials.

I examine individuals' choice of health insurance plan and utilization of health care services. Empirical evidence shows that there is favorable self-selection into health maintenance organizations (HMOs) plans and that HMO members use more of office based and hospital outpatient services. It suggests ineffectiveness of HMO plans in reducing utilization.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Labor economics;
Economics;
Public health;
Essays;
Occupational choice;
Labor supply;
Health services utilization
Classification
0510: Labor economics
0501: Economics
0573: Public health
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Demand; HMOs; Health economics; Labor; Occupational choice
Title
Three essays in labor and health economics: Individual decisions on occupation, labor supply, and demand for health
Author
Shin, Ja Eun
Number of pages
104
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0803
Source
DAI-A 66/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542089282, 0542089289
Advisor
Li, Qi
University/institution
Texas A&M University
University location
United States -- Texas
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3172167
ProQuest document ID
305076949
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305076949
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