Effects of gambling on alcohol cravings and mood
The current project was an effort to experimentally evaluate how gambling influenced alcohol cravings and mood state and ultimately, how it may alter alcohol consumption. In the first study, college students (N = 76) over the age of 18 who reported regular alcohol use, gambling within the past year, and being college basketball fans were randomly assigned to watch a video of an exciting basketball game, a nondysphoric basketball game, a movie, or engage in slot machine gambling. Participants then completed questionnaires assessing mood state and desire to drink alcohol. Participants who watched exciting sports or gambled reported higher urges to drink compared to those who watched nondysphoric sports or a movie. In the second study, a new sample of college students (N = 76) using the same criteria were randomly assigned to watch a video of a movie, or engage in slot machine gambling in which they had a neutral, winning or losing experience. Participants then completed questionnaires assessing mood state and desire to drink alcohol. Participants who gambled reported higher urges to drink. Further, those who lost had significantly higher urges than other groups. Overall results suggest that participation in gambling may increase desire to drink. Evidence that both mood and contextual factors contribute to this effect was found. This project provides insight into factors that influence the promotion and maintenance of concurrent gambling and alcohol use.
0573: Public health
0622: Clinical psychology