Explaining Caribbean regionalism: The Caribbean Basin Initiative in comparative context

2004 2004

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

The question explored in this project was: under what conditions regional agreements are resilient? The strategy of open regionalism tries to take advantage of free trade opportunities perceived to be available at the international level. Yet, this concept does not explain the resilience of regional agreements that seem to run counter to the goal of maximizing economic benefits from free trade. To explore this theoretical question, I examined the puzzle posed by the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI). This agreement does not seem to be an economically effective one, yet it is resilient in spite of post Cold War challenges to its existence. Systemic factors that are relevant include changes such as the end of the Cold War, globalization trends as manifested through neo-liberalism and the formation of competing economic regimes like NAFTA. The literature would predict that actors lose interest in the regime when their self-interest cannot be achieved anymore. I compared the CBI case with other cases in the region such as the Lomé Conventions with the European Union and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). These cases articulate explanations for regional agreement's resilience, and challenge the usefulness of concepts such open regionalism to describe them. The purpose of this dissertation was to look at the ways in which models based on major international relations theories answer the research question. I show that identity is the key factor to understand regime resilience. Rather than other variables such as economic effectiveness, security considerations, and material accumulation interests, identity explains why a regional regime persists in the presence of major international changes that challenge it.

Indexing (details)

International law;
International relations;
Political science;
Latin American history
0616: International law
0616: International relations
0615: Political science
0336: Latin American history
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Caribbean Basin Initiative; Economic agreements; Political economy; Regionalism
Explaining Caribbean regionalism: The Caribbean Basin Initiative in comparative context
Viera-Tirado, Angel L.
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 65/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
9780496153145, 0496153145
Clark, Ann Marie
Purdue University
University location
United States -- Indiana
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.