Abstract/Details

Sociocultural contexts of Asian American/Pacific Islander women's HIV risk enhancing/reducing responses


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

HIV prevention issues for Asian American and Pacific Islander (API) women are complex and multifaceted. Comprehending the risk enhancing/reducing responses of API women in heterosexual relationships requires an examination of various sociocultural influences, such as gender roles, cultural expectations, community, economic conditions, acculturation and public policies that shape API women's decision-making and HIV risk enhancing/reducing responses.

In order to address these issues, a mixed method study (i.e., qualitative and quantitative) was conducted to elucidate these sociocultural factors. Additionally, this study sought to investigate the various ecological levels that are associated with API women's sexual risk enhancing and reducing behaviors.

Participants included ten self-identified API women in heterosexual relationships. Each of these women participated in a semi-structured interview designed to address sexual health, cultural and gender issues. The Ecological Model of Health Promotion (McLeroy, Bibeau, Steckler & Glanz, 1988) was used as a theoretical framework to guide research and interview questions. Participants also completed the Suinn-Lew Asian Identity Acculturation Scale (Scale (SL-ASIA; Suinn, Rickard-Figueroa, Lew, & Vigil, 1987) as well as the Brief HIV Knowledge Questionnaire (HIV-KQ-18; Carey, & Schroder, 2002) to assess their acculturation levels and HIV knowledge. Methods adopted from grounded theory were used to analyze interviews.

Findings indicate that various sociocultural factors, such as cultural and gender norms and expectations affected the sexual health of participants at various ecological levels, such as the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and public policy levels. Implications for future research are provided and culturally congruent interventions are proposed to target these various ecological levels to change condom communication, negotiation and safer sex practices for API women and their male partners.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Behavioral sciences;
Womens studies;
Public health;
Social psychology;
Human immunodeficiency virus--HIV;
Asian Americans;
Health risk assessment
Classification
0384: Behaviorial sciences
0453: Womens studies
0573: Public health
0451: Social psychology
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Psychology; Asian-American; HIV; Immune deficiency; Pacific Islander; Sociocultural; Women
Title
Sociocultural contexts of Asian American/Pacific Islander women's HIV risk enhancing/reducing responses
Author
Huang, Jennifer C.
Number of pages
169
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0186
Source
DAI-B 65/06, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Bowleg, Lisa
University/institution
University of Rhode Island
University location
United States -- Rhode Island
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3137073
ProQuest document ID
305152424
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305152424
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