Abstract/Details

Individual and environmental predictors of attrition from a court -mandated anger management group for adolescents


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

Cognitive-behavioral anger management groups have been established as an efficacious treatment for anger and aggression problems in adolescents. A central issue in providing anger management groups as a community-based treatment for court involved adolescents is attrition. No studies have investigated predictors of attrition from this intervention. This study investigated individual and environmental predictors of attrition from a community-based anger management group intervention for court-involved adolescents. Forty-one adolescents participated in this intervention. These participants reported on the following predictors of treatment attrition: (1) mental health, (2) academic progress, (3) aggressiveness, (4) goals, (5) attitude toward behavior change, (6) delinquent peers, (7) parental monitoring, (8) frequency of family meals, (9) life changes, and (10) pro-social community activities.

A series of logistic regression equations were used to determine which of the ten aforementioned risk factors for delinquency might predict treatment attrition. The four predictors that emerged (p < .05) were entered into another regression equation. As a result three predictors, being classified as academically behind (B = −3.44, S.E. = 1.35, p = .01), attitude towards aggressive behavior change (B = −3.71, S.E. = 1.34, p = .01), more delinquent peers (B = .72, S.E. = .29, p = .01), significantly predicted treatment attrition. This three-predictor model correctly classified 82.5 percent of the participants as completers or dropouts, and accounted for 52% of the variance in treatment attrition. The results of this study indicated that several well-known risk factors for delinquency also predicted therapy attrition. Understanding predictors of attrition from a community-based anger management group intervention can help clinicians screen court-involved adolescents least likely to benefit from this intervention. The results of this study should be interpreted with caution due in part to the small sample size.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Psychotherapy;
Criminology
Classification
0622: Psychotherapy
0627: Criminology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Psychology; Adolescents; Anger management; Attrition; Community-based treatment; Court-mandated; Juvenile delinquents
Title
Individual and environmental predictors of attrition from a court -mandated anger management group for adolescents
Author
Slavet, James D.
Number of pages
56
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 65/11, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780496132997, 0496132997
Advisor
MacDonald, Marian L.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3152745
ProQuest document ID
305175828
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305175828
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