Abstract/Details

Gender inequality, normative violence, social disorganization and sexual violence against women: A cross-national investigation


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

The association between sexual violence and gender inequality was examined using sexual offense data from two international data sources: the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) and the International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS). Sexual violence was operationalized as reported rapes (Interpol data) and sexual offenses (ICVS data). Gender inequality was operationalized using a combination of political, economic, educational and health indicators. Predictor variables in addition to gender inequality included normative violence and social disorganization. Control variables included non-sexual violent offenses; these offenses were often strongly associated with sexual offenses. Regression analyses of cross-panel data found a non-significant positive association between gender inequality and sexual violence for the Interpol data (early and late 1990s). A significant negative relationship was found in the ICVS data for 1992 and 1996, the two years for which all the data were available. Change analyses found a significant negative association between increases in women's status and Interpol rapes. Results are consistent with the so-called traditional feminist hypothesis about gender inequality and rape: increases in women's status are associated with decreases in sexual violence.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Social psychology;
Womens studies;
Criminology
Classification
0451: Social psychology
0453: Womens studies
0627: Criminology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences, Psychology, Gender inequality, Normative violence, Sexual violence, Social disorganization, Women
Title
Gender inequality, normative violence, social disorganization and sexual violence against women: A cross-national investigation
Author
Gubin, Alexandra
Number of pages
129
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 65/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Jenoff-Bulman, Ronnie
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3118303
ProQuest document ID
305176699
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305176699
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