The implementation and enforcement of environmental regulations in a less developed market economy: Evidence from Uruguay
This dissertation consists of two different research efforts. In the first one I describe the institutional framework, policy instruments, and the enforcement process that characterize industrial water pollution regulation in Montevideo, Uruguay, aiming to identify and weigh institutional and political economy constraints that may help to explain the present instrument choice of command and control instruments as opposed to more cost-effective economic instruments. The identification of these constraints allows one to evaluate the possibilities that the country has of moving toward incentive-based instruments for the control of industrial water pollution. The second part of my dissertation is a formal econometric analysis that aims to first empirically examine the determinants of the allocation of inspections of industrial plants by the municipal and national governments in Montevideo and then to empirically testing the effect of these inspections, fines and other intermediate enforcement actions on the reported levels of emissions of Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD 5) and the compliance status of industrial plants with regard to BOD 5 standards.
0617: Public administration