Abstract/Details

Studying the dynamics of self- and cooperative-diffusion of benzene in sodium compounds by molecular simulations


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

The objective of this dissertation is to employ molecular modeling concepts to investigate benzene transport in NaX type zeolite. Experimentally observed separation performance of NaX faujasite (FAU) membranes can be attributed to the intra-crystalline processes of sorption and diffusion. Membrane permeation occurs by sorption of the guest or sorbate (e.g. benzene) on surface-active host sites of zeolite (e.g. FAU) and simultaneous site-site molecular movement or intra-crystalline diffusion of sorbate. Such processes are controlled by host-guest and guest-guest interactions on the length scales of the pores. In this study, Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations are performed to evaluate the Self—Ds(T, Θ) and Cooperative (or Maxwell-Stefan)—DMS(T, Θ) diffusivities and the respective energies of activation: [special characters omitted](Θ) and [special characters omitted](Θ) for benzene motion in NaX. The MD simulated Ds and [special characters omitted] favorably compare with predictions from experimental measurements (PFG-NMR, QENS). Consequently, the predicted DMS is applied in a transport model to predict benzene fluxes through ideal NaX membranes so as to ultimately evaluate and comprehend the experimentally observed fluxes in NaX FAU membranes. This contribution is aimed to be the first step towards understanding the experimentally observed permeation selectivity of benzene over cyclohexane in NaX membranes. Our efforts to understand how molecular interaction phenomena in the pores of the NaX FAU give rise to experimentally observed sorption-diffusion behavior, we believe would have an impact on the approach towards improving zeolite membrane performance and permselectivity in industrially important separations.

In addition, this dissertation discusses two other challenging problems related to the field of microporous and mesoporous materials, namely—(a) Application of techniques such as Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Electron diffraction (ED) and Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis in the characterization of the fine structures of porous materials, and (b) Formation of periodic Liesegang patterns of titania by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) in mesoporous glass.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Chemical engineering;
Chemistry
Classification
0542: Chemical engineering
0494: Chemistry
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences, Pure sciences, Benzene, Faujasite, Sodium, Zeolites
Title
Studying the dynamics of self- and cooperative-diffusion of benzene in sodium compounds by molecular simulations
Author
Harikrishnan, Ramanan
Number of pages
159
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0118
Source
DAI-B 65/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Tsapatsis, Michael; Auerbach, Scott M.
University/institution
University of Massachusetts Amherst
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3118324
ProQuest document ID
305177092
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305177092
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