Abstract/Details

Cell surface events in the amyloidogenic processing of the amyloid precursor protein


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

Sequential cleavages of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by β- and γ-secretase generate the amyloid β-protein (Aβ), which plays a central role in Alzheimer's disease. Previous work provided evidence for involvement of both the secretory and endocytic pathways in Aβ production. The purpose of this thesis is to determine where in the cell Aβ is generated. I first present evidence that Aβ secretion is dramatically elevated following inhibition of endocytosis using a dominant-negative form of the dynamin protein. In the context of this dynamin mutant, virtually all endogenous C99 is retained at the cell surface. Thus, the normal pathway for C99 generation involves passage through the cell surface, and the C99 that accumulates intracellularly is derived from C99 previously at the cell surface. I further implicate the cell surface as a site for β-secretase cleavage by using a membrane-impermeant BACE inhibitor, OM99-2, to inhibit the production of C99. These data reveal that presentation of APP at the cell surface is a critical step in the amyloidogenic pathway of APP processing. I next demonstrate that the intact, active γ-secretase complex resides on the plasma membrane in overexpressing and endogenous cell lines, and a portion is physically associated with its APP-derived substrates, C83 and C99. I quantify the amount of γ-secretase at the cell surface to be around 6–7% of the total cellular protease, based on protein levels and enzyme activity assays. Finally, I present evidence that γ-secretase is not involved in APP trafficking at the cell surface, as suggested by several previous studies, and that γ-secretase may almost reside exclusively in lipid rafts at the cell surface. The implications of the various findings for normal and pathological functions of APP are discussed.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Neurology;
Pathology;
Cellular biology
Classification
0317: Neurology
0571: Pathology
0379: Cellular biology
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Biological sciences; Alzheimer's disease; Amyloid precursor protein; Amyloidogenic; Cell surface
Title
Cell surface events in the amyloidogenic processing of the amyloid precursor protein
Author
Chyung, Jay Hwan
Number of pages
153
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0084
Source
DAI-B 65/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
0496093711, 9780496093717
Advisor
Selkoe, Dennis J.
University/institution
Harvard University
University location
United States -- Massachusetts
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3149527
ProQuest document ID
305192188
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305192188
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