Abstract/Details

Culture, somatization, and psychological distress: A study of symptom presentation in South Indian psychiatric patients from a public hospital


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

Prior clinical research has indicated that psychiatric patients in non-Western countries show a preference for expressing distress through somatic symptoms, whereas patients from Western countries show a preference for expressing distress through psychological symptoms. Other researchers have found evidence suggesting that the two types of symptoms co-exist in both Western and non-Western countries. The present study investigated the influence of Westernization, stigma, and severity of symptoms on Indian psychiatric patients' type of symptom presentation. Unlike previous studies, the present study explored symptom presentation in terms of a balance of symptoms, whether more psychological or somatic. Participants predominantly emphasized somatic symptoms as their first symptom and in response to symptom-directed interview questioning. Additionally, participants who were more Westernized tended to present a psychological balance of symptoms. Stigma, severity of symptoms, and level of education also influenced the balance of symptoms. The findings contribute to the literature on symptom presentation in non-Western cultures and suggest that several factors, including Westernization that occurs in non-Western countries as a result of globalization, can impact symptom presentation.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Psychotherapy;
Mental health
Classification
0622: Psychotherapy
0347: Mental health
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Psychology; Culture; Distress; Indian; Psychiatric; Somatization; Symptom presentation
Title
Culture, somatization, and psychological distress: A study of symptom presentation in South Indian psychiatric patients from a public hospital
Author
Rao, Deepa
Number of pages
96
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0091
Source
DAI-B 65/09, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780496052738, 049605273X
Advisor
Young, Michael A.
University/institution
Illinois Institute of Technology
University location
United States -- Illinois
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3145440
ProQuest document ID
305193268
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305193268
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