Abstract/Details

Uses and landscape patterns: A study of relationships between human activities and spatial patterns of land use and land cover on private parcels in Monroe County, Indiana


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

There is a need for landscape ecological analyses that focus on relationships between land and forest use decisions and forest ecosystem functions at the parcel level in order to better manage resources. This research addresses this need thorough a case study of Monroe County, Indiana. It explores whether landowners who make decisions based on discrete partitions in the landscape affect spatial patterns of land use and land cover on parcels and whether socioeconomic partitions in the landscape result in discrete land cover edges. Specific socioeconomic data, including the types of land and forest uses that occur on privately owned parcels, are identified based on landowner responses to interview questions. Techniques from geographical information science and remote sensing are used to create a map of land use and land cover from which metrics of the spatial patterns on the parcels are calculated. The metrics indicate the degree of forest fragmentation on each parcel and the likely resilience of forest ecosystems. Relationships between differences in land and forest uses, factors affecting land use decisions, and several landscape metrics are explored by using statistical tests. The results indicate that processes related to parcel-level land and forest use decisions significantly affect the spatial patterns of the landscape. Differences in human land and forest uses, including uses that have occurred in the past, correspond to differences in the spatial patterns on private parcels. The largest differences in patterns are between parcels that are used for agricultural land uses and parcels on which forests are used for aesthetics, buffering, and hiking. Models that include variables related to land and forest use decisions perform better than models that include only measures of population density, slope, and accessibility. The results imply that ecosystem management programs that aim to control land and forest use decisions through policies such as zoning may impact the health and resilience of forest ecosystems. However, participatory programs that offer benefits that are targeted to specific types of landowners and operate at local levels may encourage individuals to cooperate in forest management and be more effective than zoning regulations.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Geography;
Environmental science;
Public administration
Classification
0366: Geography
0768: Environmental science
0617: Public administration
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences, Social sciences, Indiana, Land cover, Land use, Landscape, Monroe County, Private parcels, Spatial patterns
Title
Uses and landscape patterns: A study of relationships between human activities and spatial patterns of land use and land cover on private parcels in Monroe County, Indiana
Author
Croissant, Cynthia
Number of pages
175
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0093
Source
DAI-A 66/01, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780496959082, 0496959085
Advisor
Greer, Charles
University/institution
Indiana University
University location
United States -- Indiana
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3162230
ProQuest document ID
305203951
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305203951
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