Abstract/Details

Motor unit activation and fluctuations in motor output in old adults


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

Aging is associated with a deterioration of movement performance. When compared with young adults, older individuals typically exhibit a decreased ability to execute steady movements. Because the force exerted by a muscle depends upon the activation pattern of motor units, it is likely that differences in motor unit activation contribute to the greater fluctuations in motor output (reduced steadiness) exhibited by old adults. The purpose of this dissertation was to quantify the contribution of individual and correlated motor unit discharge to the fluctuations in index forger acceleration during isometric and anisometric (shortening and lengthening) contractions of the first dorsal interosseus muscle. Four studies were performed to achieve this purpose. The first two studies involved validating a training program to improve steadiness, then utilizing the intervention to measure the contribution of single motor unit discharge characteristics to the acceleration fluctuations. It was determined that variability in the discharge rate of motor units significantly contributed to the acceleration fluctuations and that the discharge rate variability was reduced in parallel with improvements in steadiness. Furthermore, the changes in discharge rate variability and acceleration fluctuations were associated with improvements in performance on a test of manual dexterity. The next two studies measured the effect of correlated motor unit activity on the acceleration fluctuations. Correlated motor unit discharge was found to be similar in young and old adults and was weakly associated with fluctuations in acceleration only during anisometric contractions. The results of these experiments indicated that the fluctuations in index finger acceleration are functionally relevant, and related to the degree of variability in motor unit discharge rate and motor unit synchronization but not motor unit coherence.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Sports medicine;
Anatomy & physiology;
Animals;
Gerontology
Classification
0575: Sports medicine
0433: Anatomy & physiology
0433: Animals
0351: Gerontology
Identifier / keyword
Health and environmental sciences; Social sciences; Biological sciences; Aging; Dexterity; Elderly; Motor output; Steadiness
Title
Motor unit activation and fluctuations in motor output in old adults
Author
Kornatz, Kurt Walter
Number of pages
189
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0051
Source
DAI-B 65/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Advisor
Enoka, Roger M.
University/institution
University of Colorado at Boulder
University location
United States -- Colorado
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3123257
ProQuest document ID
305204364
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305204364/abstract
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