Abstract/Details

Mathematical modeling of nonisometric electrically evoked contractions of healthy human quadriceps femoris muscle


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is the coordinated electrical excitation of paralyzed or weak muscles in patients with upper motor neuron lesions to produce functional movements such as walking. However, FES has had a relatively minor impact on rehabilitation. There are several underlying reasons for this shortcoming. First, the physiological and biomechanical processes involved in the generation of FES-elicited movements are non-linear and time varying. Hence, it is difficult to determine the appropriate stimulation patterns necessary to produce the desired muscle force and limb motion. Second, controlling the movements of paralyzed limbs is difficult with the commercial open loop systems. Finally, other factors such as fatigue and the influence of voluntary upper-body forces further complicate the control task. However, the use of mathematical muscle models can improve and accelerate the development of FES for practical use. Models that are accurate and predictive when used in conjunction with FES systems that monitor muscle performance, would enable stimulators to deliver patterns customized for each person to perform a particular task while continuously adapting the stimulation protocols to the actual needs of the patient. In this dissertation the development and predictive abilities of a mathematical muscle model when the muscle is held isometrically at different lengths, when the muscle is allowed to shorten and lengthen at constant velocities, and when the leg is allowed to move freely during nonisometric contractions is presented. The predictive abilities of the model were tested by comparing the model data to the experimental force and motion data. Our results showed that the model accurately predicted the force developed by muscle at different lengths and velocities during isometric and isovelocity contractions, respectively and the angular position and velocity of the lower leg during nonisometric contractions when the muscle is stimulated with a wide range of clinically relevant stimulation frequencies and patterns. Compared to other models, the current model requires very few parameters to describe the behavior of the muscle in response to electrical stimulation. This makes the current model a suitable candidate for control algorithms that can track parameter variations online and provide a better control of motion during FES.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Mechanical engineering;
Biomedical research;
Biophysics
Classification
0548: Mechanical engineering
0541: Biomedical research
0760: Biophysics
Identifier / keyword
Applied sciences; Biological sciences; Electrically evoked contractions; Femoris; Functional electrical stimulation; Muscle; Quadriceps
Title
Mathematical modeling of nonisometric electrically evoked contractions of healthy human quadriceps femoris muscle
Author
Perumal, Ramu
Number of pages
182
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0060
Source
DAI-B 65/10, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780496094905, 0496094904
Advisor
Wexler, Anthony S.
University/institution
University of Delaware
University location
United States -- Delaware
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3150013
ProQuest document ID
305206351
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305206351
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