Abstract/Details

The composition and playing styles of Muzio Clementi before and after 1781


2004 2004

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Abstract (summary)

I begin the introduction by noting that the composer Muzio Clementi is not as well known today as are his contemporaries Mozart, Beethoven, and Haydn. Nonetheless, his contributions to the music of his time remain important. The self-educated Clementi came to England from Italy. Although he would lose in a pianoforte competition with Mozart in 1781 (held at the court of Emperor Joseph II), his popularity eclipsed even that of Mozart for a time. Clementi's harpsichord and piano performances would make him the most recognized keyboard player of his day.

Clementi's initial instrument, the harpsichord, has of course enjoyed a long tradition in Western music, dating back to the 16th century. During Clementi's time, the square pianoforte began to catch on in popularity, but Clementi still preferred to play the harpsichord. The square pianoforte has many strong differences when compared to the harpsichord, chief among them being its distinct touch and sound. Because of the development of the English grand pianoforte, Clementi would prefer the English grand pianoforte after 1781. Modern pianists must make significant adjustments in their playing in order to achieve an appropriate performance of one of Clementi's compositions.

In this paper I first address Clementi's contest with Mozart in 1781, followed by chapters in which I examine his preferred instruments prior to and after 1781 (chapters 2 and 4). In chapter 3, I consider Clementi's virtuoso compositional style before 1781; in chapter 5, I examine his new compositional style, developed after his “loss” of the contest to Mozart. In addition, I address representative performance practice issues in these chapters.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Music;
Biographies
Classification
0413: Music
0304: Biographies
Identifier / keyword
Communication and the arts; Language, literature and linguistics; Clementi, Muzio; Composition; England; Playing styles
Title
The composition and playing styles of Muzio Clementi before and after 1781
Author
Que, Zheng Xiao
Number of pages
53
Publication year
2004
Degree date
2004
School code
0031
Source
DAI-A 66/02, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780496995226, 0496995227
Advisor
Cole, Malcolm
University/institution
University of California, Los Angeles
University location
United States -- California
Degree
D.M.A.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3164399
ProQuest document ID
305222016
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305222016
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