Leadership: Practices used by online instructors in higher education
The purpose of this phenomenological research was to identify and examine the leadership practices college and university instructors use when teaching online classes. One hundred and fifty eight online instructors from accredited colleges and universities throughout the United States completed the Kouzes and Posner Student Leadership Practices Inventory (1998). Eighteen high scoring instructors participated in an additional interview regarding their leadership practices in the online classroom. As a result, 15 Major Nomothetic Themes, 24 Minor Nomothetic Themes, and 2 Clusters of Major Nomothetic Themes were identified. It was concluded that the online instructors demonstrated transformational leadership by: (1) trusting their students; (2) developing personal relationships; (3) assigning interdependent group projects; (4) building rapport; and (5) emphasizing meaningful application.