Athletic gender equity policy: The potential for United States Title IX directives in Canadian universities

2006 2006

Other formats: Order a copy

Abstract (summary)

This mixed method study used a combination of document analysis and survey research to investigate the potential to which U.S. Title IX directives could be extrapolated for adoption or adaptation in Canadian interuniversity athletics. The process of updating and developing an acceptable athletic gender equity policy for Canadian Interuniversity Sport [CIS] began just prior to 2001. From that time until the present, the CIS has established both specific and tentative directives regarding athletic gender equity. However, a definitive overall policy is not yet in existence.

The document analysis focused on the CIS' development and implementation of policy and on the thirty-year history of American Title IX athletic policy. An examination was made to determine the similarities between the two initiatives along with the problems experienced over time with American policy. The nature of these problems was explored to conclude if the same issues would arise for Canadian institutions. An inductive scrutiny of various documents [emails, letters, meeting minutes, policy manuals, etc] took place to determine themes, patterns, and categories of analysis. A survey was then developed to determine if Canadian university athletic directors would be receptive towards policy directives Title IX put forth to implement athletic gender equity and enforce institutional compliance. This 26-item survey consisted of nominal, ordinal, and interval data and was mailed to a purposeful sampling of the 50 CIS athletic directors. In this study the answers to the individual survey questions acted as the values for the dependent variable. There were four main independent variables that could have affected the results of the survey responses. These were: (1) size of the university (student population); (2) total athletic scholarship budget; (3) gender of athletic directors; and (4) experience [in years] of athletic directors.

The findings from the study indicated American Title IX policy could be adopted in Canadian institutions. It was also noted the problems related to athletic gender equity policy existent in U.S. academic institutions would likely surface in Canadian universities as well. As such, if Canadian policymakers could develop suitable alternative directives then adaptations to Title IX would probably be both acceptable and welcome.

Indexing (details)

Higher education;
School administration
0745: Higher education
0514: School administration
Identifier / keyword
Education; Athletic; Gender equity; Title IX; Universities
Athletic gender equity policy: The potential for United States Title IX directives in Canadian universities
Beaubier, Dean M.
Number of pages
Publication year
Degree date
School code
DAI-A 67/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
Stick, Sheldon
The University of Nebraska - Lincoln
University location
United States -- Nebraska
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Document type
Dissertation/thesis number
ProQuest document ID
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
Access the complete full text

You can get the full text of this document if it is part of your institution's ProQuest subscription.

Try one of the following:

  • Connect to ProQuest through your library network and search for the document from there.
  • Request the document from your library.
  • Go to the ProQuest login page and enter a ProQuest or My Research username / password.