Abstract/Details

Accent in Proto-Indo-European athematic nouns: Antifaithfulness in inflectional paradigms


2006 2006

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Abstract (summary)

This paper examines four accent patterns displayed by athematic nouns in Proto-Indo-European. Each accent pattern is distinguished by either alternating stress or vowel quality between "weak" forms (nominative, accusative, vocative) and "strong" forms. I argue that surface stress is the result of the interplay of the lexical accent specifications of the morphemes that compose the stem. The strong endings are classified as dominant and are thus responsible for the accent/ablaut alternations.

Optimality Theory is used to provide a synchronic phonological analysis of athematic noun accent. The weak forms are accounted for with a ranking of faithfulness and alignment constraints, including a positional faithfulness ranking in which faithfulness to roots is preferred over faithfulness to derivational affixes. The strong endings, which are dominant, trigger antifaithfulness constraints (Alderete 1999), and so a new type of antifaithfulness constraint is introduced that works within inflectional paradigms, based on the Optimal Paradigms model (McCarthy 2005).

Indexing (details)


Subject
Linguistics
Classification
0290: Linguistics
Identifier / keyword
Language, literature and linguistics
Title
Accent in Proto-Indo-European athematic nouns: Antifaithfulness in inflectional paradigms
Author
Frazier, Melissa
Number of pages
119
Publication year
2006
Degree date
2006
School code
0153
Source
MAI 44/04M, Masters Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
9780542546143, 0542546140
Advisor
Smith, Jennifer L.
University/institution
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
University location
United States -- North Carolina
Degree
M.A.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
1432780
ProQuest document ID
305282863
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
http://search.proquest.com/docview/305282863/abstract
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